Difference between revisions of "First Lord of the Admiralty"

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(First Lords of the Admiralty, 1853 – 1919)
(First Lords of the Admiralty, 1853 – 1919)
 
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The '''First Lord of the Admiralty''' was the minister responsible to Crown and Parliament for the administration of the Naval Service of the United Kingdom, encompassing the Royal Navy, the Royal Marines and other services.  By custom and design he was the pre-eminent Lord Commissioner on the [[Board of Admiralty]].
 
The '''First Lord of the Admiralty''' was the minister responsible to Crown and Parliament for the administration of the Naval Service of the United Kingdom, encompassing the Royal Navy, the Royal Marines and other services.  By custom and design he was the pre-eminent Lord Commissioner on the [[Board of Admiralty]].
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==History==
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In its obituary of First Lord [[George Ward Hunt|G. Ward Hunt]] in 1877 ''The Times'' opined that the office "is, perhaps, one of the least enviable in the Cabinet and most open to criticism."<ref>"Death of Mr. Ward Hunt" (Obituaries).  ''The Times''.  Monday, 30 July, 1877.  Issue '''29007''', col F, p. 9.</ref>
  
 
==Duties==
 
==Duties==
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==First Lords of the Admiralty, 1853 &ndash; 1919==
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==First Lords of the Admiralty==
 
Dates of appointment given:
 
Dates of appointment given:
  
*The Right Honourable Sir James Graham, Bart., M.P., 5 January, 1853.<ref name=ham>Hamilton.  p. 317.</ref>
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*The Right Honourable Sir James Graham, Bart., M.P., 5 January, 1853<ref name=ham>Hamilton.  p. 317.</ref>
*The Right Honourable Sir Charles Wood, Bart., M.P., 8 March, 1855.<ref name=ham/>
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*The Right Honourable Sir Charles Wood, Bart., M.P., 8 March, 1855<ref name=ham/>
*The Right Honourable Sir John Pakington, M.P., 8 March, 1858.<ref name=ham/>
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*The Right Honourable Sir John Pakington, M.P., 8 March, 1858<ref name=ham/>
*The Right Honourable The Duke of Somerset, 28 June, 1859.<ref name=ham/>
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*The Right Honourable The Duke of Somerset, 28 June, 1859<ref name=ham/>
*The Right Honourable Sir John Pakington, M.P., 13 July, 1866.<ref name=ham/>
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*The Right Honourable Sir John Pakington, M.P., 13 July, 1866<ref name=ham/>
*The Right Honourable H. T. Lowry Corry, M.P., 8 March, 1867.<ref name=ham/>
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*The Right Honourable H. T. Lowry Corry, M.P., 8 March, 1867<ref name=ham/>
*The Right Honourable H. C. Erskine Childers, M.P., 18 December, 1868.<ref name=ham/>
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*The Right Honourable H. C. Erskine Childers, M.P., 18 December, 1868<ref name=ham/>
*[[George Joachim Goschen, First Viscount Goschen|The Right Honourable George J. Goschen]], M.P., 9 March, 1871.<ref name=ham/>
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*[[George Joachim Goschen, First Viscount Goschen|The Right Honourable George J. Goschen]], M.P., 9 March, 1871<ref name=ham/>
*The Right Honourable [[George Ward Hunt|G. Ward Hunt]], M.P., 3 March, 1874.<ref name=ham/>
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*The Right Honourable [[George Ward Hunt|G. Ward Hunt]], M.P., 3 March, 1874<ref name=ham/>
*The Right Honourable W. H. Smith, M.P., 14 August, 1877.<ref name=ham/>
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*The Right Honourable W. H. Smith, M.P., 14 August, 1877<ref name=ham/>
*The Right Honourable The Earl of Northbrook, 12 May, 1880.<ref name=ham/>
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*The Right Honourable The Earl of Northbrook, 12 May, 1880<ref name=ham/>
*[[George Francis Hamilton|The Rt. Hon. Lord George Hamilton]], M.P., 1 July, 1885.<ref name=ham/>
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*[[George Francis Hamilton|The Rt. Hon. Lord George Hamilton]], M.P., 1 July, 1885<ref name=ham/>
*The Right Honourable The Marquess of Ripon, 16 February, 1886.<ref name=staff>''The Naval Staff of the Admiralty''.  p. 118.</ref>
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*The Right Honourable The Marquess of Ripon, 16 February, 1886<ref name=staff>''The Naval Staff of the Admiralty''.  p. 118.</ref>
*The Right Honourable Lord George Hamilton, M.P., 6 August, 1886.<ref name=staff/>
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*The Right Honourable Lord George Hamilton, M.P., 6 August, 1886<ref name=staff/>
*[[John Poyntz Spencer, Fifth Earl Spencer|The Right Honourable The Earl Spencer]], 23 August, 1892.<ref name=staff/>
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*[[John Poyntz Spencer, Fifth Earl Spencer|The Right Honourable The Earl Spencer]], 23 August, 1892<ref name=staff/>
*The Right Honourable George J. Goschen, M.P., 4 July, 1895.<ref name=staff/>
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*The Right Honourable George J. Goschen, M.P., 4 July, 1895<ref name=staff/>
*[[William Waldegrave Palmer, Second Earl of Selborne|The Right Honourable The Earl of Selborne]], 20 November, 1900.<ref name=staff/>
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*[[William Waldegrave Palmer, Second Earl of Selborne|The Right Honourable The Earl of Selborne]], 20 November, 1900<ref name=staff/>
*[[Frederick Archibald Vaughan Campbell, Third Earl Cawdor|The Right Honourable The Earl Cawdor]], 27 March, 1905.<ref name=staff/>
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*[[Frederick Archibald Vaughan Campbell, Third Earl Cawdor|The Right Honourable The Earl Cawdor]], 27 March, 1905<ref name=staff/>
*[[Edward Marjoribanks, Second Baron Tweedmouth|The Right Honourable The Lord Tweedmouth]], 21 December, 1905.<ref name=staff/>
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*[[Edward Marjoribanks, Second Baron Tweedmouth|The Right Honourable The Lord Tweedmouth]], 21 December, 1905<ref name=staff/>
*[[Reginald McKenna|The Right Honourable Reginald McKenna]], M.P., 16 April, 1908.<ref name=staff/>
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*[[Reginald McKenna|The Right Honourable Reginald McKenna]], M.P., 16 April, 1908<ref name=staff/>
*[[Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill|The Right Honourable Winston L. S. Churchill]], M.P., 24 October, 1911.<ref name=staff/>
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*[[Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill|The Right Honourable Winston L. S. Churchill]], M.P., 24 October, 1911<ref name=staff/>
*[[Arthur James Balfour, First Earl of Balfour|The Right Honourable Arthur J. Balfour]], M.P., 27 May, 1915.<ref name=staff/>
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*[[Arthur James Balfour, First Earl of Balfour|The Right Honourable Arthur J. Balfour]], M.P., 27 May, 1915<ref name=staff/>
*[[Edward Henry Carson, Baron Carson|The Right Honourable Sir Edward Carson]], M.P., Q.C. 11 December, 1916.<ref name=staff/>
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*[[Edward Henry Carson, Baron Carson|The Right Honourable Sir Edward Carson]], M.P., Q.C. 11 December, 1916<ref name=staff/>
*[[Eric Campbell Geddes|The Right Honourable Sir Eric C. Geddes]], M.P., 6 September, 1917.<ref name=staff/>
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*[[Eric Campbell Geddes|The Right Honourable Sir Eric C. Geddes]], M.P., 6 September, 1917<ref name=staff/>
*[[Walter Hume Long, First Viscount Long|The Right Honourable Walter H. Long]], M.P., 16 January, 1919.<ref name=staff/>
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*[[Walter Hume Long, First Viscount Long|The Right Honourable Walter H. Long]], M.P., 16 January, 1919<ref name=staff/>
 
* [[Arthur Hamilton Lee, First Viscount Lee of Fareham]], 1921 &ndash; 1922
 
* [[Arthur Hamilton Lee, First Viscount Lee of Fareham]], 1921 &ndash; 1922
 
* [[Leopold Charles Maurice Stennett Amery]], 1922 &ndash; 1924
 
* [[Leopold Charles Maurice Stennett Amery]], 1922 &ndash; 1924
 
* [[Frederic John Napier Thesiger, First Viscount Chelmsford]], 1924
 
* [[Frederic John Napier Thesiger, First Viscount Chelmsford]], 1924
 
* [[William Bridgeman, First Viscount Bridgeman]], 1924 &ndash; 1929
 
* [[William Bridgeman, First Viscount Bridgeman]], 1924 &ndash; 1929
* [[Albert Victor Alexander, First Earl Alexander of Hillsborough]], 1929 &ndash 1931
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* [[Albert Victor Alexander, First Earl Alexander of Hillsborough]], 1929 &ndash; 1931
 
* [[Joseph Austen Chamberlain]], 1931
 
* [[Joseph Austen Chamberlain]], 1931
* [[Bolton Meredith Eyres-Monsell, First Viscount Monsell]] held this from 1931 &ndash; 1936.
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* [[Bolton Meredith Eyres-Monsell, First Viscount Monsell]], 1931 &ndash; 1936.
  
 
==Footnotes==
 
==Footnotes==
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*{{UKNavalStaff}}
 
*{{UKNavalStaff}}
 
{{refend}}
 
{{refend}}
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{{Template:Board of Admiralty}}
  
 
[[Category:First Lords of the Admiralty|*]]
 
[[Category:First Lords of the Admiralty|*]]

Latest revision as of 20:22, 28 December 2015

The First Lord of the Admiralty was the minister responsible to Crown and Parliament for the administration of the Naval Service of the United Kingdom, encompassing the Royal Navy, the Royal Marines and other services. By custom and design he was the pre-eminent Lord Commissioner on the Board of Admiralty.

History

In its obituary of First Lord G. Ward Hunt in 1877 The Times opined that the office "is, perhaps, one of the least enviable in the Cabinet and most open to criticism."[1]

Duties

First Lords of the Admiralty

Dates of appointment given:

Footnotes

  1. "Death of Mr. Ward Hunt" (Obituaries). The Times. Monday, 30 July, 1877. Issue 29007, col F, p. 9.
  2. "Appendix No. 1. Distribution of Duties." Report of the Select Committee on the Board of Admiralty (1861). p. 639.
  3. Greene Papers. National Maritime Museum. GEE/2.
  4. Greene Papers. National Maritime Museum. GEE/2.
  5. The National Archives. ADM 1/6316..
  6. The National Archives. ADM 116/3392.
  7. The National Archives. ADM 116/3392. The distribution of 27 June, 1917, is identical.
  8. 8.00 8.01 8.02 8.03 8.04 8.05 8.06 8.07 8.08 8.09 8.10 8.11 Hamilton. p. 317.
  9. 9.00 9.01 9.02 9.03 9.04 9.05 9.06 9.07 9.08 9.09 9.10 9.11 9.12 The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. p. 118.

Bibliography

  • Hamilton, C. I. (2011). The Making of the Modern Admiralty: British Naval Policy-Making, 1805-1927. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521765183. (on Amazon.co.uk).
  • Naval Staff, Training and Staff Duties Division (1929). The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. Its Work and Development. B.R. 1845 (late C.B. 3013). Copy at The National Archives. ADM 234/434.


Board of Admiralty
Civilian Lords
First Lord of the Admiralty
Civil Lord of the Admiralty
Additional Civil Lord of the Admiralty (1882 – 1885, 1912 – 1917)
Controller (1917 – 1918)
Naval Lords
First Naval Lord (– 1904) • First Sea Lord (1904 – 1917) • First Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff (1917 –)
Second Naval Lord (– 1869, 1872 – 1904) • Second Sea Lord (1904 – 1917) • Second Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Personnel (1917 –)
Third Naval Lord (– 1869) • Third Lord and Controller (1869 – 1872) • Third Naval Lord and Controller of the Navy (1882 – 1904) • Third Sea Lord and Controller of the Navy (1904 – 1912) • Third Sea Lord (1912 – 1917) • Third Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Matériel (1917 – 1918) • Third Sea Lord and Controller of the Navy (1918 –)
Junior Naval Lord (– 1904) • Fourth Sea Lord (1907 – 1917) • Fourth Sea Lord and Chief of Supplies and Transport (1917 –)
Fifth Sea Lord (1917) • Fifth Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Air Service (1917 – 1918)
Staff Lords
Deputy First Sea Lord (1917 – 1919)
Deputy Chief of Naval Staff (1917 –)
Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (1917 –)
Secretaries
First Secretary to the Board of Admiralty (– 1869) • Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Admiralty (1869 – 1904) • Parliamentary and Financial Secretary to the Board of Admiralty (1904 –)
Second Secretary to the Board of Admiralty (– 1869) • Permanent Secretary to the Board of Admiralty (1869 – 1877, 1880 –)
Naval Secretary to the Board of Admiralty (1872 – 1882)