Andrew Browne Cunningham, First Viscount Cunningham

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Admiral of the Fleet Andrew Browne Cunningham, First Viscount Cunningham, K.T., G.C.B., O.M., D.S.O., (7 January, 1883 – 12 June, 1963) was an officer in the Royal Navy.

Life & Career

Cunningham entered the Royal Navy with the January, 1897 intake term at H.M.S. Britannia, passing in fourteenth of sixty-three in order of merit with 1408 marks in the competitive entrance examinations.[1]

Cunningham was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant on 31 March, 1904.[2]

Cunningham was appointed in command of the destroyer Scorpion on 10 January, 1911.[3]

Cunningham was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant-Commander on 31 March, 1912.[4]

Cunningham was promoted to the rank of Commander on 30 June, 1915.[5]

Cunningham was promoted to the rank of Captain on 31 December, 1919.[6]

On 29 March, 1918, he was appointed in command of the destroyer Termagant.[7]

On 11 May, 1926, he was appointed in command of the light cruiser Calcutta.[8]

World War II

Cunningham participated in historic actions in the Mediterranean in a legendary fashion. They are great in extent, as you can see in his career box below, but fall outside our present scope of study, so that I should direct you to Wikipedia for a worthy narrative of his deeds.

See Also

Naval Appointments
Preceded by
New Command
Captain of H.M. T.B. 14
13 May, 1908[9][10] – 26 Jan, 1910[11]
Succeeded by
John J. C. Ridley
Preceded by
John Fawcett
Captain of H.M.S. Roebuck
15 Aug, 1910[12] – 16 Dec, 1910[13]
Succeeded by
Clive N. Rolfe
Preceded by
Reginald G. Stone
Captain of H.M.S. Scorpion
10 Jan, 1911[14] – 24 Jul, 1916[15]
Succeeded by
Keith R. Farquharson
Preceded by
Philip G. Wodehouse
Captain of H.M.S. Rattlesnake
4 Aug, 1916[16] – 2 Oct, 1916[17]
Succeeded by
Keith R. Farquharson
Preceded by
Keith R. Farquharson
Captain of H.M.S. Scorpion
2 Oct, 1916[18] – 11 Feb, 1918[19]
Succeeded by
Loben E. H. Maund
Preceded by
Hamilton C. Allen
Captain of H.M.S. Ophelia
11 Feb, 1918[20] – 29 Mar, 1918[21]
Succeeded by
Thomas B. Fellowes
Preceded by
Montague R. Bernard
Captain of H.M.S. Termagant
29 Mar, 1918[22] – 20 Feb, 1919[23]
Succeeded by
George C. H. Lawson
Preceded by
Ronald H. C. Hallifax
Captain of H.M.S. Seafire
20 Feb, 1919[24] – 1 Dec, 1919[25]
Succeeded by
Maxwell A. C. Ritter
Preceded by
Sidney J. Meyrick
Captain of H.M.S. Shakespeare
2 May, 1922[26] – 19 Dec, 1922[27]
Succeeded by
Eric G. Robinson
Preceded by
Sidney J. Meyrick
Captain (D), Sixth Destroyer Flotilla
2 May, 1922[28] – 19 Dec, 1922[29]
Succeeded by
Eric G. Robinson
Preceded by
Arthur K. Betty
Captain of H.M.S. Wallace
19 Dec, 1922[30] – 1 Jul, 1924[31]
Succeeded by
Kenneth MacLeod
Preceded by
Arthur K. Betty
Captain (D), First Destroyer Flotilla
19 Dec, 1922[32] – 1 Jul, 1924[33]
Succeeded by
Kenneth MacLeod
Preceded by
Anselan J. B. Stirling
Captain of H.M.S. Columbine
15 Oct, 1924[34][35]
Succeeded by
?
Preceded by
Anselan J. B. Stirling
Captain in Charge, Port Edgar
15 Oct, 1924[36][37] – 9 May, 1926
Succeeded by
Roger L'E. M. Rede
Preceded by
The Alexander R. M. Ramsay
Captain of H.M.S. Calcutta
11 May, 1926[38][39] – Jan, 1928[40]
Succeeded by
Philip Hordern
Preceded by
Robert B. Ramsay
Captain of H.M.S. Despatch
Jan, 1928[41] – Jul, 1928[42]
Succeeded by
Alban T. B. Curteis
Preceded by
Arthur Bromley
Flag Captain, North America and West Indies Station
Jan, 1928[43] – Jul, 1928[44]
Succeeded by
?
Preceded by
Francis W. L. Tottenham
Captain of H.M.S. Rodney
Dec, 1929[45] – Dec, 1930[46]
Succeeded by
Roger M. Bellairs
Preceded by
Arthur L. Snagge
Commodore-in-Command, Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham
6 Jul, 1931 – 30 Jan, 1933
Succeeded by
Robert C. Davenport
Preceded by
Frank F. Rose
Rear Admiral (D) Commanding Destroyer Flotillas, Mediterranean
2 Dec, 1933[47] – 29 Apr, 1936
Succeeded by
James F. Somerville
as Vice-Admiral (D) Commanding Destroyer Flotillas, Mediterranean
Preceded by
Sir Geoffrey Blake
Vice-Admiral Commanding Battle Cruiser Squadron
3 Jul, 1937[48] – 21 Aug, 1938[49]
Succeeded by
Geoffrey Layton
as Rear-Admiral Commanding Battle Cruiser Squadron
Preceded by
Sir William M. James
Deputy Chief of Naval Staff
14 Nov, 1938[50] – May, 1939[51]
Succeeded by
Sir Tom S. V. Phillips
Preceded by
Sir Alfred D. P. R. Pound
as Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Station
Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet
1 Jun, 1939 – Mar, 1942
Succeeded by
Henry D. Pridham-Wippell
Preceded by
Sir Henry H. Harwood
Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet
20 Feb, 1943 – 15 Oct, 1943
Succeeded by
Sir John H. D. Cunningham
as Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Station & Allied Naval Commander Mediterranean
Preceded by
Sir A. Dudley P. R. Pound
First Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff
15 Oct, 1943[Citation needed]
Succeeded by
Sir John H. D. Cunningham

Footnotes

  1. Hampshire Telegraph and Naval Chronicle (Portsmouth, England), 6 Feb 1897, p. 8.
  2. The Navy List. (March, 1913). p. 19.
  3. The Navy List. (January, 1915). p. 379a.
  4. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. ?.
  5. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. ?.
  6. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. ?.
  7. The Navy List. (February, 1919). p. 916.
  8. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 286.
  9. The Navy List. (January, 1910). p. 400.
  10. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 286.
  11. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 286.
  12. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 286.
  13. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 286.
  14. The Navy List. (October, 1915). p. 397w.
  15. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 286.
  16. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 286.
  17. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 286.
  18. The Navy List. (November, 1917). p. 397w.
  19. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 286.
  20. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 286.
  21. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 286.
  22. The Navy List. (February, 1919). p. 916.
  23. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 286.
  24. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 286.
  25. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 286.
  26. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 286.
  27. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 286.
  28. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 286.
  29. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 286.
  30. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 286.
  31. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 286.
  32. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 286.
  33. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 286.
  34. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 286.
  35. The Navy List. (April, 1925). p. 226.
  36. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 286.
  37. The Navy List. (April, 1925). p. 226.
  38. The Navy List. (July, 1927). p. 220. This source says 9 May.
  39. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 286.
  40. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 286.
  41. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 286.
  42. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 286.
  43. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 286.
  44. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 286.
  45. Mackie, Colin. ROYAL NAVY WARSHIPS.
  46. Mackie, Colin. ROYAL NAVY WARSHIPS.
  47. The Navy List. (October, 1935). p. 230.
  48. "Commander-in-Chief at Portsmouth" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Saturday, 3 July, 1937. Issue 47727, col F, p. 14.
  49. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 286.
  50. "Deputy Chief of Naval Staff" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Tuesday, 27 September, 1938. Issue 48110, col F, p. 17.
  51. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 286.